India Tribunal: State Abuse of Tsunami Victims

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India Tribunal: State Abuse of Tsunami Victims
By: HIC-SARP
23 December 2008
 

On the second and concluding day of the National Peoples’ Tribunal on Post-tsunami Rehabilitation: Housing, Land, Resources and Livelihoods organized by a large collective of organizations and people’s movements in Chennai, the Jury chaired by Justice Suresh expressed its strong condemnation of the poor status of rehabilitation of tsunami survivors across the country. The Jury asserted that the Central government as well as state governments of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and governments of the union territories of Pondicherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands, have failed in their legal and moral responsibility to provide adequate rehabilitation. Furthermore, the governments have violated both their national and international legal commitments. It is unpardonable that four years after the tsunami, many families have still not received benefits and are still awaiting permanent housing.

Based on 26 testimonies from tsunami survivors from Tamil Nadu, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Pondicherry, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh, the Jury further claimed that the absence of monitoring mechanisms and noncompliance with judicial orders (for example, the Supreme Court interim orders dated October 2007 on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands), prima facie observations, and recommendations from the Comptroller Auditor General (CAG), and directions from the Tamil Nadu State Commission on Women, have created a serious and debilitating delay leading to violations of the human rights of adequate housing, land, work, food, education, and security. The Jury noted with alarm the slow pace of rehabilitation and unpardonable delay of four years in providing permanent housing and livelihood restoration of tsunami survivors. In the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, even four years after the tsunami, of the planned 10,000 permanent houses to be built, only 250 have been completed and allotted while the rest of the families are still living in grossly inadequate intermediate tin shelters.

Based on 26 testimonies from tsunami survivors from Tamil Nadu, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Pondicherry, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh, the Jury further claimed that the absence of monitoring mechanisms and noncompliance with judicial orders (for example, the Supreme Court interim orders dated October 2007 on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands), prima facie observations, and recommendations from the Comptroller Auditor General (CAG), and directions from the Tamil Nadu State Commission on Women, have created a serious and debilitating delay leading to violations of the human rights of adequate housing, land, work, food, education, and security. The Jury noted with alarm the slow pace of rehabilitation and unpardonable delay of four years in providing permanent housing and livelihood restoration of tsunami su

Themes
• Access to natural resources
• Access to natural resources
• Access to natural resources
• Accompanying social processes
• Accompanying social processes
• Adverse possession
• Advocacy
• Advocacy
• Advocacy
• Architecture
• Architecture
• Armed / ethnic conflict
• Armed / ethnic conflict
• Basic services
• Basic services
• Basic services
• Children
• Children
• Commodification
• Commodification
• Cultural Heritage
• Cultural Heritage
• Demographic manipulation
• Destruction of habitat
• Destruction of habitat
• Destruction of habitat
• Disability
• Disability
• Disaster mitigation
• Disaster mitigation
• Discrimination
• Discrimination
• Discrimination
• Displaced
• Displaced
• Displaced
• Displacement
• Displacement
• Displacement
• Dispossession
• Dispossession
• Dispossession
• Education
• Education
• Elderly
• Elderly
• Energy
• Energy
• Epidemics, diseases
• Epidemics, diseases
• ESC rights
• ESC rights
• ESC rights
• Extraterritorial obligations
• Extraterritorial obligations
• Fact finding mission/field research
• Farmers/Peasants
• Financialization
• Financialization
• Financialization
• Food (rights, sovereignty, crisis)
• Food (rights, sovereignty, crisis)
• Forced evictions
• Forced evictions
• Forced evictions
• Gentrification
• Gentrification
• Health
• Health
• Historic heritage sites
• Historic heritage sites
• Homeless
• Homeless
• Homeless
• Housing crisis
• Housing rights
• Housing rights
• Housing rights
• Human rights
• Human rights
• Human rights
• Immigrants
• Immigrants
• Indigenous peoples
• Indigenous peoples
• Informal settlements
• Internal migrants
• Internal migrants
• Internal migrants
• Land rights
• Landless
• Legal frameworks
• Legal frameworks
• Legal frameworks
• Livelihoods
• Local Governance
• Local Governance
• Local Governance
• Low income
• Norms and standards
• Norms and standards
• Norms and standards
• Property rights
• Public policies
• Public policies
• Public policies
• Public programs and budgets
• Public programs and budgets
• Public programs and budgets
• Refugees
• Refugees
• Religious
• Religious
• Reparations / restitution of rights
• Research
• Research
• Right to the city
• Right to the city
• Security of tenure
• Security of tenure
• Security of tenure
• Stateless
• Stateless
• Subsidies
• Subsidies
• Temporary shelter
• Temporary shelter
• Tenants
• Tenants
• UN system
• UN system
• UN system
• Unemployed
• Unemployed
• Urban planning
• Urban planning
• Water&sanitation
• Water&sanitation
• Women
• Women
• Youth
• Youth

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