UN experts urge Pakistan to halt forced evictions and demolitions for new metro line in Lahore
GENEVA—Two United Nations experts today called on the Government of Pakistan to halt the ongoing construction work of the Orange metro line in Lahore, which has resulted in numerous forced evictions and threatens a large number of protected heritage sites and historic buildings.
“Lahore residents have been forced to vacate their homes and businesses with little to no notice, receiving in some cases only verbal information within days of demolition,” noted the UN Special Rapporteur on the right to adequate housing, Leilani Farha.
Ms. Farha also expressed concern about the lack of resettlement and compensation schemes for people who will lose their homes as construction of the line advances, especially since many in the affected area live well below the poverty line. “Many of the residents simply do not have the means to find alternative housing. This project is creating homelessness among an already vulnerable population,” she warned.
“The project passes through the historic center of Lahore, threatening pre-partition buildings, minority places of worship, historic tombs and shrines and great gardens, many of which are registered protected heritage sites,” said the UN Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights, Karima Bennoune. “These are of importance not only to local people and the entire cultural landscape of Lahore but are of national significance for the history and cultural heritage of Pakistan.”
“These historic neighbourhoods form an organic, living heritage with the people who inhabit them. The project will not only destroy physical sites but the ways of life that have developed there, that people cherish and through which they express their dignity and identity,” Ms. Bennoune pointed out.
The UN human rights experts also drew attention to the lack of information concerning the project and the fact that the route of the Orange line has reportedly changed several times since the initial public hearing in July 2015. Many have contested the project and its procedural flaws, and some cases presented before the Court of appeal are still pending decision.
“The details about the tendering projects, financing and costs, structural details, design, route and environmental impact have not been shared with the citizens, who have been protesting against the project since the beginning of construction work,” the UN Special Rapporteurs said.
For the independent experts, it is also unclear why alternative options, which would be less damaging, would result in less displacement and which would include strict measures to protect heritage, community and the environment, were not considered.
“The Pakistani authorities must take all necessary steps to secure the right to an adequate standard of living including housing and cultural rights as defined in international human rights laws and standards recognized by the country, and to halt all ongoing demolition and construction works that do not meet these standards,” they said.
Ms. Leilani Farha (Canada) is the UN Special Rapporteur on adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living, and on the right to non-discrimination in this context. She took her function in June 2014. Ms. Farha is the Executive Director of the NGO Canada without Poverty, based in Ottawa, Canada. A lawyer by training, for the past 20 years Ms. Farha has worked both internationally and domestically on the implementation of the right to adequate housing for the most marginalized groups and on the situation of people living in poverty. Learn more, log on to: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Housing/Pages/HousingIndex.aspx
Ms. Karima Bennoune (United States of America) was appointed UN Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights in October 2015. She grew up in Algeria and the United States. She is Professor of Law and Martin Luther King, Jr. Hall Research Scholar at the University of California-Davis School of Law where she teaches courses on human rights and international law. Ms. Bennoune has worked in the field of human rights for more than 20 years. Learn more, log on to: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/CulturalRights/Pages/SRCulturalRightsIndex.aspx
The Special Rapporteurs are part of what is known as the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent experts in the UN Human Rights system, is the general name of the Council’s independent fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms. Special Procedures mandate-holders are independent human rights experts appointed by the Human Rights Council to address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. They are not UN staff and are independent from any government or organization. They serve in their individual capacity and do not receive a salary for their work.
UN Human Rights, Country Page – Pakistan: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Countries/AsiaRegion/Pages/PKIndex.aspx
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