“In our capacity as independent experts, we wish to publicly raise our concerns about the ongoing process of evictions taking place in the Bassac river area in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
We are continuing to receive troubling information concerning evictions of informal settlements on the bank of the Bassac River by the City of Phnom Penh, as part of a plan to redevelop the land, claimed to be the property of a private company. These settlements have been in place since the early 1990s and house several thousand families.
Due to this process, several hundred families have already been rendered homeless and are now living in open air. They are facing serious health risks, especially with the advent of the rainy season in Cambodia. While some of the residents have been offered relocation, the new site is far away and lacks basic services such as electricity and running water, and it is reportedly inclined to flooding. These poor families will encounter further difficulties to find employment in that remote area.
There are disturbing allegations that municipal authorities have intervened to stop non- governmental organizations from distributing tents and humanitarian aid to the families who had become homeless. In some cases, security forces have allegedly pulled down tents and destroyed personal belongings. The Special Representative on human rights defenders would like to remind the Government of Cambodia of the provisions included in the 1998 Declaration on the Rights and Responsibilities of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, which guarantee the rights of human rights defenders including NGOs to carry out activities to promote and protect human rights.
There are concerns that the authorities may resort to force to evict these families. Moreover, allegations of intimidation, threats and corruption have marred the process of registration and resettlement of the persons affected by the eviction.
Development-based’ evictions often contravene recognized human rights standards, such as the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and affect the poorest, the socially and economically most vulnerable and marginalized people in society. The eviction process will further intensify the poverty and inequalities the Bassac communities are facing. In this context, the Special Rapporteur on adequate housing wishes to remind the authorities of Cambodia of recently developed guidelines, which have been previously drawn to their attention, aimed at assisting States in developing policies and legislations to prevent forced evictions. The Special Rapporteur also reminds the Government of Cambodia of the pertaining sections on the status of the rights to housing and eviction in his report on his mission to Cambodia (E/CN.4/2006/41/Add.3).
We therefore call for a halt to these evictions and for immediate action to ensure that these families have access to adequate housing consistent with Cambodia’s human rights obligations. We strongly urge the Government of Cambodia and the Municipality of Phnom Penh to ensure that: