UN Rights Expert Calls on All to Oppose the “Human Tragedy” of Forced Evictions

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UN Rights Expert Calls on All to Oppose the “Human Tragedy” of Forced Evictions
By: UN News Centre
21 June 2006
 

Describing the impact of forced evictions as a “human tragedy,” a United Nations expert on adequate housing has called on all States to urgently halt the practice, including the so-called development-based evictions that are often justified as being linked to slum-clearance drives or in other ways serving the “public good.”

“Many contemporary cases of forced evictions, those without due process or the provision of, and access to, appropriate forms of legal or other protection, constitute a gross violation of human rights and indicate a systematic disregard of recognized human rights standards on the part of States,” Special Rapporteur Miloon Kothari told delegates at the World Urban Forum III gathering in Canada on Tuesday.

“One of the main priorities that should emerge from the World Urban Forum III is the urgent need for States to halt the practice of forced evictions and displacement.”

Mr. Kothari, who is an unpaid expert serving in an independent personal capacity, highlighted that forced evictions and displacements occur due to different reasons and are “taking place in countries world wide, ranging from democratic to authoritarian States.”

He also cited so-called development-based evictions, which include those that are often planned or done under the pretext of serving the “public-good,” such as large-scale infrastructure or other development projects.

“Most of these ‘development-based’ evictions have one or several common features that contravene recognized human rights standards…I call on all actors at the World Urban Forum to unequivocally oppose forced evictions as a means of achieving ‘development.’”

He said that generally, general rule, forced evictions affect the poorest, most vulnerable and most marginalized sectors of society and intensify inequality and social conflict, contributing to segregation, ghettoization and the creation of “apartheid cities” and rural settlements. “Above all, the impact on those affected can often be characterized as a human tragedy.”

The Special Rapporteur also said that the issue of the “global housing and living conditions crisis” that the world faces should be tackled in the context of achieving the antipoverty Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), “which should serve to focus worldwide efforts in overcoming the critical deficiencies in global development.”

Themes
• Access to natural resources
• Access to natural resources
• Access to natural resources
• Accompanying social processes
• Accompanying social processes
• Adverse possession
• Advocacy
• Advocacy
• Advocacy
• Architecture
• Architecture
• Armed / ethnic conflict
• Armed / ethnic conflict
• Basic services
• Basic services
• Basic services
• Children
• Children
• Commodification
• Commodification
• Cultural Heritage
• Cultural Heritage
• Demographic manipulation
• Destruction of habitat
• Destruction of habitat
• Destruction of habitat
• Disability
• Disability
• Disaster mitigation
• Disaster mitigation
• Discrimination
• Discrimination
• Discrimination
• Displaced
• Displaced
• Displaced
• Displacement
• Displacement
• Displacement
• Dispossession
• Dispossession
• Dispossession
• Education
• Education
• Elderly
• Elderly
• Energy
• Energy
• Epidemics, diseases
• Epidemics, diseases
• ESC rights
• ESC rights
• ESC rights
• Extraterritorial obligations
• Extraterritorial obligations
• Fact finding mission/field research
• Farmers/Peasants
• Financialization
• Financialization
• Financialization
• Food (rights, sovereignty, crisis)
• Food (rights, sovereignty, crisis)
• Forced evictions
• Forced evictions
• Forced evictions
• Gentrification
• Gentrification
• Health
• Health
• Historic heritage sites
• Historic heritage sites
• Homeless
• Homeless
• Homeless
• Housing crisis
• Housing rights
• Housing rights
• Housing rights
• Human rights
• Human rights
• Human rights
• Immigrants
• Immigrants
• Indigenous peoples
• Indigenous peoples
• Informal settlements
• Internal migrants
• Internal migrants
• Internal migrants
• Land rights
• Landless
• Legal frameworks
• Legal frameworks
• Legal frameworks
• Livelihoods
• Local Governance
• Local Governance
• Local Governance
• Low income
• Norms and standards
• Norms and standards
• Norms and standards
• Property rights
• Public policies
• Public policies
• Public policies
• Public programs and budgets
• Public programs and budgets
• Public programs and budgets
• Refugees
• Refugees
• Religious
• Religious
• Reparations / restitution of rights
• Research
• Research
• Right to the city
• Right to the city
• Security of tenure
• Security of tenure
• Security of tenure
• Stateless
• Stateless
• Subsidies
• Subsidies
• Temporary shelter
• Temporary shelter
• Tenants
• Tenants
• UN system
• UN system
• UN system
• Unemployed
• Unemployed
• Urban planning
• Urban planning
• Water&sanitation
• Water&sanitation
• Women
• Women
• Youth
• Youth

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