discontent over forced demolitions and corruption has increased anxieties among
officials determined to defend one-party rule and make the transition to a younger
generation of leaders as smooth as possible.
China faces a
leadership transition next year, with President Hu Jintao expected to retire
from the Communist Party in the autumn and the presidency the following March.
involving 1,700 households in six Chinese provinces, found disputes over land
acquisitions had reached a new peak amid rampant development across China and
was a leading cause of rural clashes, according to the Outlook Weekly, a
magazine run by Xinhua, China`s state run news agency.
the second half of 2002, China has entered a new round of high economic growth
period, thus entering a period of high incidents of local land acquisition
disputes, and these have even spread from eastern to western regions,"
Renmin University academic Dong Xiaodan, whose institution conducted the
survey, was reported as saying.
thousands of villagers in the southern Chinese region of Lufeng rioted and
ransacked government offices in a major flareup of violence over brazen land
are now among the most explosive issues facing China today, as rising land
prices provide a massive incentive for corruption and lead to patronage
networks of officials and businessmen eager to procure more farmland for
Official statistics on China`s rural conflicts
are hard to come by, but a former deputy editor-in-chief of the official party
newspaper, the People`s Daily, said the number of "mass incidents" in
China, an official euphemism for social disorder, was consistently above 90,000
per year from 2007 to 2009.