Stephen Allen, Jamie Trinidad, The Western Sahara Question and International Law: Recognition Doctrine and Self-Determination (New York: Routledge, 2024)

This new book analyses recent developments concerning the application of the international legal doctrines of recognition and self-determination in relation to the Western Sahara Question. It investigates the emergent shift in favor of Morocco’s sovereignty claim to Western Sahara as apparent from the positions adopted by an increasing number of third states in the United Nations and the recent spate of third states establishing consulates in Western Sahara, with Morocco’s encouragement.

It reflects on what the functioning of the doctrines of recognition and self-determination in this situation reveals about contemporary international law in practice more generally. The work will be of interest to scholars, researchers, and postgraduate students as well as practitioners of public international law who have a particular interest in decolonization, self-determination disputes, and/or conflicts about natural resource entitlements. It will also appeal to readers with an interest in the work of International Organizations, including the United Nations, the European Union, and the African Union, and to specialists in international relations and regional politics.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1|4 pages


Chapter 2|23 pages

Self-Determination and the Western Sahara Question

Chapter 3|19 pages

The Doctrine of Recognition and Morocco`s Claim to Western Sahara

Chapter 4|18 pages

Recent Developments in UN Practice Concerning Western Sahara

Chapter 5|18 pages

Implications of Growing Support for the Moroccan Position on Western Sahara

Chapter 6|4 pages

Conclusion: The Future of Western Sahara and the Future of International Law

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• Access to natural resources
• Armed / ethnic conflict
• Displacement
• Extraterritorial obligations
• Food (rights, sovereignty, crisis)
• Globalization, negative impacts
• Human rights
• Indigenous peoples
• International
• Legal frameworks
• Livelihoods
• Megaprojects
• National
• Norms and standards
• People under occupation
• Population transfers
• Project management
• Property rights
• Public policies
• Public programs and budgets
• Regional
• Rural planning
• UN system
• Urban planning