The legally protected entitlement of all individuals and groups to occupy property and enjoy effective state protection against unlawful evictions. Major types of tenure include freehold (ownership) and leasehold, “including rental (public and private) accommodation, cooperative housing, lease, owner-occupation, emergency housing and informal settlements, including occupation of land or property. Notwithstanding the type of tenure, all persons should possess a degree of security of tenure [that] guarantees legal protection against forced eviction, harassment and other threats. States […consequently should] take immediate measures aimed at conferring legal security of tenure upon those persons and households currently lacking such protection, in genuine consultation with affected persons and groups.”
 “Expert seminar on the practice of forced evictions, Geneva, 11–13 June 1997,” E/CN.4/Sub.2/1997/7 (2 July 1997).
 Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, “General Comment No. 4 `the right to adequate housing’ (Article 11 of the Covenant),” 13 December 1991, UN document HRI/GEN/1/Rev.8, para. 8(a), p. 20.