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generally refers to a range of approaches that States may use to address past human rights violations, including both judicial and nonjudicial approaches. TJ is composed of a series of actions or policies and their resulting institutions, which may be enacted at a point of political transition from violence and repression to social and political stability. Transitional justice is informed by a society’s collective desire to rebuild social trust, repair a fractured justice system, and build a democratic system of governance. The core value of transitional justice is the notion of justice. This notion is not necessarily, nor limited to criminal justice, but may other forms of justice as well. This notion and the political transformation, such as regime change or transition from conflict, are thus linked toward a more peaceful, certain and democratic future.
TJ can feature a combination of five classic steps and measures categorized as:
Some common strategies involve the formation and use of: