1. A movement initiated in Europe for the colonization of Palestine by people of Jewish faith in the name and form of the State of Israel and predicated on the notion of a shared “Jewish nationality” as the basis for Jewish colonists to benefit from the expulsion (population transfer) and dispossession of the indigenous (Palestinian) people of the country. Thus, Zionism asserts certain duties and responsibilities upon persons of Jewish faith toward maintaining the colonial situation and benefiting from unique rights and privileges in the State of Israel and territories under its effective control.
2. A religious movement (in southern Africa) represented by a group of independent churches practicing a form of Christianity incorporating elements of traditional African beliefs.