22 HR Experts Urge Rio+ 20 Accountability

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22 HR Experts Urge Rio+ 20 Accountability
By: HIC-HLRN/OHCHR
26 March 2012
 

Twenty-two UN human rights mandate holders have issued an open letter to governments meeting at the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (the Rio+ 20 Summit), 20–22 June 2012. They point out the risks that commitments made at Rio will remain empty promises without effective monitoring and accountability. The experts make three proposals to ensure the endurance and integrity of States’ commitments taken at the Summit.

As a matter of principle and State obligation, the experts advise that the conference (1) frame Rio+20 in all human rights, which has not yet been done in the current draft of the Rio+ 20 outcome document. Consistent with human rights and democratic process, the letter urges governments (2) to ensure that commitments and measures of success are defined in a participatory way. Pointing out further shortcomings in the current process, the experts echo the call from civil society and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (3) to establish credible accountability mechanisms for Rio+20 commitments.

While the experts support the proposal to establish a Sustainable Development Council to monitor progress toward the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to be agreed by 2015, they propose both participatory national and international monitoring. They advise the governments meeting at Rio base that mechanism on the Universal Periodic Review of the Human Rights Council, which was inaugurated in 2007 to provide a peer review of the human rights records of all 193 Member States of the United Nations. The experts concur that, for the Summit to be meaningful, it should put accountability, the foundation of a human rights-based approach to development, at the core of its commitments.

Original open letter

Themes
• Access to natural resources
• Access to natural resources
• Access to natural resources
• Access to natural resources
• Access to natural resources
• Access to natural resources
• Accompanying social processes
• Accompanying social processes
• Accompanying social processes
• Accompanying social processes
• Accompanying social processes
• Adverse possession
• Advocacy
• Advocacy
• Advocacy
• Advocacy
• Advocacy
• Advocacy
• Agriculture
• Agriculture
• Agriculture
• Architecture
• Architecture
• Armed / ethnic conflict
• Armed / ethnic conflict
• Armed / ethnic conflict
• Armed / ethnic conflict
• Armed / ethnic conflict
• Basic services
• Basic services
• Basic services
• Basic services
• Basic services
• Basic services
• Children
• Children
• Climate change
• Climate change
• Climate change
• Collectivization
• Collectivization
• Collectivization
• Commodification
• Commodification
• Communication and dissemination
• Communication and dissemination
• Communication and dissemination
• Compensation
• Compensation
• Compensation
• Coordination
• Coordination
• Coordination
• Cultural Heritage
• Cultural Heritage
• Cultural Heritage
• Cultural Heritage
• Cultural Heritage
• Demographic manipulation
• Demographic manipulation
• Demographic manipulation
• Demographic manipulation
• Destruction of habitat
• Destruction of habitat
• Destruction of habitat
• Destruction of habitat
• Destruction of habitat
• Destruction of habitat
• Disability
• Disability
• Disaster mitigation
• Disaster mitigation
• Disaster mitigation
• Disaster mitigation
• Disaster mitigation
• Discrimination
• Discrimination
• Discrimination
• Discrimination
• Discrimination
• Discrimination
• Displaced
• Displaced
• Displaced
• Displaced
• Displaced
• Displaced
• Displacement
• Displacement
• Displacement
• Displacement
• Displacement
• Displacement
• Dispossession
• Dispossession
• Dispossession
• Dispossession
• Dispossession
• Dispossession
• Education
• Education
• Education
• Education
• Education
• Elderly
• Elderly
• Energy
• Energy
• Environment (Sustainable)
• Environment (Sustainable)
• Environment (Sustainable)
• Epidemics, diseases
• Epidemics, diseases
• Epidemics, diseases
• Epidemics, diseases
• Epidemics, diseases
• ESC rights
• ESC rights
• ESC rights
• ESC rights
• ESC rights
• ESC rights
• Ethnic
• Ethnic
• Ethnic
• Extraterritorial obligations
• Extraterritorial obligations
• Fact finding mission/field research
• Fact finding mission/field research
• Fact finding mission/field research
• Fact finding mission/field research
• Farmers/Peasants
• Farmers/Peasants
• Farmers/Peasants
• Farmers/Peasants
• Financialization
• Financialization
• Financialization
• Financialization
• Financialization
• Financialization
• Food (rights, sovereignty, crisis)
• Food (rights, sovereignty, crisis)
• Food (rights, sovereignty, crisis)
• Food (rights, sovereignty, crisis)
• Food (rights, sovereignty, crisis)
• Forced evictions
• Forced evictions
• Forced evictions
• Forced evictions
• Forced evictions
• Forced evictions
• Gender Equality
• Gender Equality
• Gender Equality
• Gentrification
• Gentrification
• Globalization, negative impacts
• Globalization, negative impacts
• Globalization, negative impacts
• Grassroots initiatives
• Grassroots initiatives
• Grassroots initiatives
• Habitat Conferences
• Habitat Conferences
• Habitat Conferences
• Health
• Health
• Health
• Health
• Health
• Historic heritage sites
• Historic heritage sites
• Historic heritage sites
• Historic heritage sites
• Historic heritage sites
• Homeless
• Homeless
• Homeless
• Homeless
• Homeless
• Homeless
• Housing crisis
• Housing crisis
• Housing crisis
• Housing crisis
• Housing rights
• Housing rights
• Housing rights
• Housing rights
• Housing rights
• Housing rights
• Human rights
• Human rights
• Human rights
• Human rights
• Human rights
• Human rights
• Immigrants
• Immigrants
• Indigenous peoples
• Indigenous peoples
• Indigenous peoples
• Indigenous peoples
• Indigenous peoples
• Informal settlements
• Internal migrants
• Internal migrants
• Internal migrants
• Internal migrants
• Internal migrants
• Internal migrants
• International
• International
• International
• Land rights
• Land rights
• Land rights
• Land rights
• Landless
• Landless
• Landless
• Landless
• Legal frameworks
• Legal frameworks
• Legal frameworks
• Legal frameworks
• Legal frameworks
• Legal frameworks
• Livelihoods
• Livelihoods
• Livelihoods
• Livelihoods
• Local
• Local
• Local
• Local Governance
• Local Governance
• Local Governance
• Local Governance
• Local Governance
• Local Governance
• Low income
• Low income
• Low income
• Low income
• Megaprojects
• Megaprojects
• Megaprojects
• National
• National
• National
• Networking
• Networking
• Networking
• Norms and standards
• Norms and standards
• Norms and standards
• Norms and standards
• Norms and standards
• Norms and standards
• Pastoralists
• Pastoralists
• Pastoralists
• People under occupation
• People under occupation
• People under occupation
• Population transfers
• Population transfers
• Population transfers
• Post-disaster reconstruction
• Post-disaster reconstruction
• Post-disaster reconstruction
• Privatization
• Privatization
• Privatization
• Project management
• Project management
• Project management
• Property rights
• Property rights
• Property rights
• Property rights
• Public / social housing
• Public / social housing
• Public / social housing
• Public policies
• Public policies
• Public policies
• Public policies
• Public policies
• Public policies
• Public programs and budgets
• Public programs and budgets
• Public programs and budgets
• Public programs and budgets
• Public programs and budgets
• Public programs and budgets
• Refugees
• Refugees
• Religious
• Religious
• Religious
• Religious
• Religious
• Reparations / restitution of rights
• Reparations / restitution of rights
• Reparations / restitution of rights
• Reparations / restitution of rights
• Research
• Research
• Research
• Research
• Research
• Right to the city
• Right to the city
• Rural planning
• Rural planning
• Rural planning
• SDGs&MDGs
• SDGs&MDGs
• SDGs&MDGs
• Security of tenure
• Security of tenure
• Security of tenure
• Security of tenure
• Security of tenure
• Security of tenure
• Solidarity campaign
• Solidarity campaign
• Solidarity campaign
• Squatters
• Squatters
• Squatters
• Stateless
• Stateless
• Subsidies
• Subsidies
• Subsidies
• Subsidies
• Subsidies
• Technologies
• Technologies
• Technologies
• Temporary shelter
• Temporary shelter
• Temporary shelter
• Temporary shelter
• Temporary shelter
• Tenants
• Tenants
• Tenants
• Tenants
• Tenants
• Travelers
• Travelers
• Travelers
• Tribal peoples
• Tribal peoples
• Tribal peoples
• UN HR bodies
• UN HR bodies
• UN HR bodies
• UN SR RAH
• UN SR RAH
• UN SR RAH
• UN system
• UN system
• UN system
• UN system
• UN system
• UN system
• Unemployed
• Unemployed
• Unemployed
• Unemployed
• Unemployed
• Urban planning
• Urban planning
• Urban planning
• Urban planning
• Urban planning
• Water&sanitation
• Water&sanitation
• Water&sanitation
• Water&sanitation
• Water&sanitation
• Women
• Women
• Women
• Women
• Women
• Youth
• Youth
• Youth
• Youth
• Youth

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